文件 middle3 unit18.1.doc
標題 Planting trees 植樹
【 拋磚引玉 】
plant , wonderful , dig , deep , stick , tie , diagram , forest , copy , million , towards , mountain , harvest
neither…nor , knock…into… , next to , so that , cut down , millions of , stop…from doing sth , blow…away , not only…but also… , in a few years\ time , far away , thanks to
Tie the tree to the top of the stick to keep it straight .
The more , the better .
The river near here is over four metres deep .
The Great Green Wall is between 400 and 1 700 kilometres wide .
Trees must be watered well .
The earth should be pushed down hard .
More or less !
While you\re doing that I\ll go and get some water .
1 ) 含有情態動詞的被動語態的構成及用法。
2 ) 計量的表達。
【 指點迷律 】
1 . plant 1 ) 種植 ( 動詞 ) 2 ) 植物 ( 名詞 )
We planted some roses in the garden .
April is the time to plant trees .
They are planting vegetables .
2 . wonderful 極好的；精彩的 ( 形容詞 )
That\s a wonderful idea .
What a wonderful invention !
He told me a wonderful story .
［點撥］have a wonderful time 過得極為愉快。
3 . neither ( 兩者 ) 都不
［點撥］1 ) ( 兩者 ) 都不的 ( 形容詞 )
Neither watch works , they are both broken .
2 ) ( 用于否定句 ) 也不 ( 副詞 )
John won\t go , and neither will I .
He cannot swim , neither can his brother .
You did not see him , neither did I .
3 ) ( 常和 nor 連用 ) 也不 ( 連詞 )
It is neither blue nor green .
Neither you nor I am right .
4 ) ( 兩者 ) 都不 ( 代詞 )
Neither of them is good health , but they work hard .
Neither of the stories was true .
［點撥］neither…nor…連接的兩個并列成分作主語時，謂語的單復數符合就近一致原則。如：Neither you nor he is kind .
4 . nor 也不 ( 用在 neither , nor , not , never 等否定詞之后 ) ( 連詞 )
I have neither brothers nor sisters .
I didn\t go , nor did they .
He doesn\t want to go there , nor do I .
5 . dig 挖，掘 ( 動詞 )
They have started digging their potatoes .
He was digging a hole .
The truth was dug out .
［點撥］dig 的過去式，過去分詞，現在分詞分別為 dug , dug , digging。
6 . hole 洞；坑
The boat has a hole in each side .
Please fill the hole in my tooth .
7 . deep 深的，深厚的，深色的 ( 形容詞 )
There is a deep well in our village .
This river is not very deep .
Her coat is deep red .
The old man had a deep love for the Party .
［點撥］be deep in a book 埋頭讀書。talk deep into the night 談到深夜。deep 常用于具體的深度，包括時間和空間。deeply 用于抽象的、比喻的“深”。
8 . earth 土；泥；地球；大地
Mother planted flowers in the earth .
The earth is bigger than the moon .
9 . tie ( 用繩、線等 ) 系；扎；拴 ( 動詞 )
The boy tied the dog to the tree .
They tied him with cords .
I am tied to my work all day .
［點撥］tie sth to… 把……系 ( 拴 ) 在……tie sth , with sth . 用……系 ( 拴 ) … 10 . water 澆水、灌溉 ( 動詞 )
They are watering flowers in the garden .
They are watering the streets .
11 . untrue 不真實的；假的 ( 形容詞 )
It is an untrue story .
He is untrue to his friends .
［點撥］untrue 是由形容詞 true 加前綴 un - 構成的。
12 . forest 森林
Most part of the country is made up of forest .
They travel in the forest once a year .
［點撥］forest 指占地廣大，而人跡稀少，有鳥獸棲息的森林，而 wood 指樹林，人工培植林，或已開發的林子。
13 . sand 沙；沙子；沙灘
A child likes to play with sand .
The children are playing games on the sands .
14 . copy 照搬；謄寫；模仿 ( 動詞 )
Copy the sentence down .
He copied a page of the book .
Copy this down in your notebook .
I want you to copy carefully from this model .
［點撥］Copy in the examination 考試作弊，Copy down 記下，抄下。
15 . northern 北方的；北部的 ( 形容詞 )
The northern part of our country is very cold in winter .
［點撥］northern 無比較等極形式，類似的還有：southern 南方的，eastern 東方的，western 西方的。
16 . million 百萬；百萬個 ( 人或物 )
There are more than five million people in this city .
Millions of people went to the streets to welcome the king .
［點撥］million 前如有數詞，million 則不加 s , 如加了s 后必接 of。
17 . toward ( s ) 向；朝；對于 ( 介詞 )
A group of students are walking toward ( s ) she sea .
She was walking toward ( s ) town when I met her .
Is he friendly towards her ?
What are his feelings towards us ?
18 . among 在……之中 ( 介詞 )
She was sitting among her children .
I found him among the crowd .
There is a small house among the trees .
19 . mountain 山；山脈
It is difficult to get to the top this mountain .
They are climbing the mountain .
The mountains were covered with snow .
［點撥］in ( the heart of ) mountains 在 ( 深 ) 山中，a mountain of difficulties 困難重重。
20 . grow
①種植；栽培 ( 及物動詞 )
In early spring we grow trees around our house .
②生長，成長 ( 不及物動詞 )
Plants cannot grow without water .
The rice is growing fine .
He has grown into a fine young man .
③發展，增長 ( 不及物動詞 )
They city is growing fast .
The population is not growing so fast in this area .
［點撥］grow 的過去式，過去分詞為 grew , grown . grow 還可作系動詞用，后接形容詞作表語，grow up 長大，成人。
1 . neither…nor 既不……也不
He is neither Japanese nor Chinese .
Neither he nor I know that .
Neither you nor I am right .
Neither you nor he is right .
Neither he nor you are right .
2 . knock…into 把……插進；把……敲進
Knock a long , strong stick into the earth next to the hole .
A long stick must be knocked into the earth .
Knock the nail into the wall , please .
3 . make sure 務必；查明；弄確實
Make sure that it is straight .
Make sure that all the windows are closed .
Make sure you get there on time .
I think there is a train at 5 : 15 , but you\d better make sure .