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九年級英語第六單元-教學教案

    06-21 12:11:54    瀏覽次數: 950次    欄目:九年級英語教案

標簽:初三英語教案,新目標九年級英語教案,人教版九年級英語教案,http://www.562527.site 九年級英語第六單元-教學教案,


科目 英語
年級 初三
文件 middle3 unit6.doc
標題 In the library
章節 第六單元
關鍵詞
內容
教學目標
1. 詞匯
A. 單詞
  四會: several, yet, on, reading room, return, polite, politely, star,
everywhere, pay (paid, paid), before, ever,
  三會: dictionary, shelf (shelves), anywhere, helpful, pity, history
B. 詞組/句型
have got = have in the school library
on the shelf find + n./pron. + prep.短語
five minutes ago in the reading room
on time work at one\s desk
borrow sth. from sb pay for sth
at that moment Please be more careful.
from now on never …before
Not at all. speak to sb
foreign music travel on a train
hours ago  
2. 日常用語
 * Excuse me. Have you got … ?
 * Sorry. I haven\t got one.
 * Sorry. We haven\t got any at the moment.
 * Have you seen it anywhere?
 * I\m so glad.
 * Excuse me, have you got any … ?
 * I\ve looked for it everywhere.
 * I can\t find it anywhere.
 * What a pity!
 * Please be more careful from now on!
 * I\ve never lost a book before.
 * It won\t happen again.
 * Have you ever made dumplings?
 * I\ve just done my homework.
 * Has he returned his library book yet?
 
3. 語法: The Present Perfect Tense (1) 現在完成時(一)
1) 構成: have/has + done
2) 過去分詞的構成:
規則形式: ask asked asked
travel travelled travelled
不規則形式: lose lost lost
eat ate eaten
find found found
3) Statement forms陳述句形式
I/You/We/They have just seen …
He/She/It has just seen …
4) Question forms疑問句形式
Have you/we/they seen … yet?
Has he/she/it seen … yet?
Short answers簡略答語
Yes, I/you/we/they have.
Yes, he/she/it has.
No, I/you/we/they haven\t.
No, he/she/it hasn\t.
 
教學重點與難點:
1. have got = have
★have got形式上是現在完成時,但實際上卻和have同一個意思。本 文{摘自教 育資源 網 WwW.chiNeSeJY.coM
 She has got a new watch.= She has a new watch.
 她有一塊新手表。
 Has she got a new watch?= Does she have a new watch?
 她有新手表嗎?
 She hasn\t got a new watch. = She doesn\t have a new watch.
 她沒有新手表。
★have to有時也可用have got to代替
 Have you got to go there by bus? = Do you have to go there by bus?
 你必須坐公共汽車去嗎?
2. 現在完成時的用法(一)
★ 對現狀有影響的某個已發生的動作,或者說動作雖發生在過去,
 但對現在有很大影響.
 I have lost my bike.
 我將自行車丟了。
 Thank you. I\ve had my supper.
 謝謝,我吃過晚飯了。
 I have seen the film.
 我看過這部電影。
★句中如有一個表示過去時間的狀語,則強調過去某一時刻所發生的動作,謂語動詞應用一般過去時,而不用現在完成時。
 I have found my bike.
 我找到自行車了。
 I found it this morning/yesterday/last week/three days ago.
 我是今天早上/昨天/上周/三天前找到它的。
 The visitors have left.
 參觀者已經離開了。
 They left just now/a moment ago/before I came.
 他們剛剛/片刻之前/在我來之前離開的。
★句中如有already, just, yet, every, never, before這類副詞作狀語,謂語動詞常用現在完成時。
 yet一般用于疑問句或否定句中,位于句尾或助動詞后。
 already, just, ever, never常位于助動詞后,before常位于句尾。
 never, ever和before有時也可以與一般過去時連用。
 She has already finished her work.
 她已經完成她的工作了。
 They have just won a relay race.
 他們才贏得了接力賽的勝利。
 Have you got ready yet? Not yet.
 你準備好了嗎?還沒有。
 Have you ever spoken to a foreigner?
 你曾經和外國人講過話嗎?
 I have never read this book.
 我從來沒讀過這本書。
 Have you listened to this song before?
 你以前聽過這首歌嗎?
★ago不能單獨使用,應說three days ago, hours ago, a minute ago, a long time ago等,與過去時連用。before可單獨使用,一般與完成時連用。
 
3. several的用法
 adj. 幾個的,數個的,數人的(至少3人)
 There are several students in the classroom.
 教室里有幾個學生。
 I met him several days ago.
 我幾天前遇見過他。
pron. (視為復數) 幾個,數個,數人
 Several of the students put up their hands.
 幾個學生舉起了手。
 
4. on prep. 有關,關于…方面(比about表示更專門的內容, 即on 多暗示內容屬于專門性,而about則多用在內容或觀點 比較一般性的情形)
 a book on Shakespeare
 一本有關莎士比亞的書
 a talk about money
 一個有關錢的講演
 Do you have any idea on this subject?
 你對這個話題了解嗎?
 
5. be strict in sth.
 對某事嚴格要求
 be strict with sb.
 對某人嚴格要求
 He is strict with himself in everything.
 他在每件事情上都對自己很嚴格。
 She is very strict with everybody.
 她對每個人都很嚴格。
 
6. return的用法
 1) vi. 回到 (= go back)
    My father will return to this factory this morning.
    我的父親會在今天早上回到工廠。
    Many fish have returned to the river.
    已經有很多魚回到了那條河里。
 2) vt. 歸還 (= give back) You must return the book to the library on time.
    你必須按時將書還給圖書館。
    He hasn\t returned me my bike yet.
    他還沒還給我自行車呢。
 
7. on time準時 / in time及時
 The train starts on time. 火車準時出發。
 She will be back in time to get ready for the dinner.
 她會及時趕回來為晚飯做好準備的。

8. look round/around/about … 環顧,四下尋找
 I\ve looked round the whole school.
 我已經找遍了整所學校。
 
9. whole和all的用法
★whole一般位于冠詞、物主代詞或別的限定詞之后,而all須位于 這些詞之前。
 all the time = the whole time
 all my life = my whole time
 al the class = the whole class
 
【注】如名詞前沒有限定詞,不能用whole, 如可以說all day,而不能說whole day
★all和whole都可指“未經分割的整體”,all還可用來指“已經分 割或分散的”人和物,而whole不能這樣用。
 the whole school = all the school
 all the classes (不能說the whole classes)
★whole一般不能修飾不可數名詞或物質名詞,修飾復數名詞時一般 前面有數量詞,而all能用于各種情況。
 all the money ( 不能說the whole money)
 three whole days
 
10. pay + sb + money + for sth. 為了(某事物)付款給(某人)
 = pay + money + to sb + for sth
 Did you pay him 100 dollars for the old bike?
 = Did you pay 100 dollars to him for the old bike?
 你是付給他100塊來買那輛舊自行車嗎?
 
11. from now on(副)從今以后
 I will be more careful from now on.
 從今以后我會更小心仔細的。
 I will work hard from now on.
 從今以后我會努力工作的。
 
同步練習
I. 單詞辨音。
1. A. politeB. pityC. giveD. strict
2. A. severalB. shelfC. reportD. helpful
3. A. whiteB. whatC. whereD. whose
4. A. paysB. awayC. saysD. plays
5. A. scienceB. dictionaryC. excuseD. music

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