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Earthquakes

    06-21 12:22:01    瀏覽次數: 463次    欄目:高一英語教案

標簽:外研版高一英語教案,高一英語教案設計,高一英語教案免費下載,http://www.562527.site Earthquakes,


教學目標

Important vocabularies
Shake, while, sound, scientist, point, movement, fall off, for a while, for ever, a (large ) number of, cut off, stay up,plate, hit, bookstore.
Daily expressions:
Were you in ……?
Sure I was. I 'll never forget that.
Very strange. It sounded like……
What happened next?
What was it like?
Useful phrases:
The population in and around San Francisco is now ten times more then it was in 1906.
The number of people who lost homes reached as many as 250000.
Grammar:
The usage of pronouns in the Attributive sentences.
Who/ whom/ which/ that……


 教學建議

能力訓練:
  運用所學的語言,圍繞地震這個題材,開展聽說寫的活動;閱讀課文“Earthquake",了解有關地震的基本知識,完成有關課文內容的練習。并進一步練習間接引語的用法。
師生互動活動:
  Lesson 25: 口頭練習,對話交際功能-----日常生活用語的練習。
  Lesson 26---27: 聽力和閱讀相結合,理解全文的意思。
  Lesson 28: 口頭和筆頭練習相結合,寫一篇關于地震的文章。
教材分析
  本單元對話引出地震這個話題。對話中提到了地震的時候的現象和人的感受。本單元的閱讀課文是了解發生在San Francisco地區的嚴重地震場景和有關地震發生時的基本常識。同時在文章里有一些重要的語法知識,如定語從句的使用:A wide and busy road which was built like a bridge over another road fell onto the one below. etc.
重點知識講解:
  1.What does "quake" means , as in the word "earthquake"?
像" earthquake" 這個詞中的quake是什么意思?
  As in the word "earthquake" 是個省略結構,完整的說法為:as it does in the word "earthquake". as 在此為連詞,表示“如“的意思。
  It sounded like a train that was going under my house. 那聲音聽起來就像有一列火車在我的房子底下開過似的。
  sound 為系動詞,后接名詞、介詞短語做表語,意思是“聽起來”。
  Your idea sounds (like ) a good one.你的注意聽起來不錯。
  What he said sounded like a fairy-tale.他所說的話聽起來就像神話故事。
  表示“聽起來像什么”的時候,用sound like….。like 在此是介詞表示“像”的意思。類似于sound的常用系動詞還有:feel, taste, smell, look.
例如:
  Cotton feels very soft. 棉花摸起來很柔軟。
  It looks like a beautiful picture. 那看上去就像一幅美麗的畫。
  2.I was in the kitchen cooking something and I felt the floor move. 我當時正在廚房里作飯,我覺得地板動了一下。
  cooking something 在本句中為現在分詞短語做伴隨狀語。
  句中的move是省略了to 的不定式,做賓語補足語。動詞feel的賓語補足語可以是動詞原形,也可以是動詞的ing形式或過去分詞形式。
例如:
  When I heard his words, I felt my heart beating faster.聽了他的話,我感到心跳加快了。
  He felt someone knock at the door. 他感到有人敲了一下門。
  he boy felt his back patted by someone. 那個男孩子感到有人拍了他的脊背。
  3. And then I watched all the glasses on the table fall off onto the floor. 后來我觀察到桌子上所有玻璃杯子掉到了地板上。
  辨析:fall off / fall down
  fall off 表示“從。。。。上落下或掉下”。off為介詞或副詞。fall down的意思是“倒塌、掉下”,不強調落物的來處。
例如:
  I saw him fall off his horse.我看到他從馬上掉了下來。
  Flowers fell off to the ground. 花兒凋謝了,落到了地上。
  Autumn comes and leaves are falling off the trees. 秋天到了,落葉紛紛。
  A stone fell down in the earthquake. 一塊石頭落了下來,砸中了他。
  The old house fell down in the earthquake. 老房子在地震中倒塌了。
  4.A great part of the city was destroyed and a large number of buildings were burnt.城市的大部分地區被摧毀,許許多多建筑物被火吞噬。
  A number of 相當于many.意思為“許多”,后跟可數名詞的復數形式。短語中的number前可以由large / small來修飾,構成a large / great / small number of 短語。
例如:
  1)A number of people were killed in the traffic accident. 有許多人在那場車禍中喪生。
  2)A large number of students went to see Mr. Zhang when he was ill.張老師生病的時候有許多的學生去看望他。
  Only a small number of people are against this plan.只有少數人反對這個計劃。
  辨析:a number of / the number of
  a number of 意思為“許多”。中心詞為of后面的復數形式。
  the number of 的意思為 “…的數量”,中心詞為number,因此,“the number of +復數名詞”,做主語時謂語動詞為單數第三人稱形式。
例如:
  The number of books in our library is going up.我們圖書館里的藏書數量正在上升。
  The number of the students in our class is 57. 我們班的學生人數為57人。
  A number of students are playing football on the playground. 許多的學生在操場上踢足球。
  5.The number of people who lost homes reached as many as 250000. 無家可歸的人數達到25萬。
  短語“as many as” 意思為“和…一樣多,多達”,修飾可數名詞;as much as 與as many as 意思相同,但是修飾不可數名詞。類似的表達法還有:
as long as 長達 as high as 高達 as wide as 寬達
  The great fire burned down as many as twenty buildings. 那場大火燒毀的房屋達到20之多。
  He lost as much as 1000 yuan . 他丟的錢多達1000元。


Earthquakes由www.562527.site收集及整理,轉載請說明出處www.562527.site
www.562527.site   The film lasts as long as two hours. 這部電影長達2個小時。
  The mountain reaches as high as 2000 metres. 那座山高達2000米。
  The road is as wide as 10 metres. 這條路寬達10米。
  6.辨析:as / when / while
  這三個詞都有“當……的時候”的意思。但用法稍有不同。
as強調“一邊……一邊……”或是“與……同時,側重表示主句的動作同時發生。
  when既可以表示時間地點也可以表示時間段。
  while只表示時間段,不表示時間點。它后面必須是延續性的動詞,而且多為進行時態。當從句的謂語的動詞為延續性動詞時三者都可以替換使用。
例如:
  When I got home, he was having supper. 我到家的時候,他正在吃晚飯。
  I liked dancing when I was young. 我年輕時喜歡跳舞。
  They talked as they walked. 他們邊走邊談。
  A thief broke in as / while / when I was sleeping.在我睡覺的時候小偷闖了進來。
  While / When/ As we were still laughing, the teacher came in. 當我們仍還在大笑,老師進來了。
  Strike the iron while it is hot. 趁熱打鐵。
  8.A wide and busy road which was built like a bridge over another road fell into the one below,. Many people were killed in their cars, but a few lucky ones were not hurt.一座以立交橋車輛川流不息的馬路塌陷到橋下面的路面上。很多人被壓死在自己的車里,但是也有少數幸運的人沒有受傷。
  這兩個句子中one(s)是代詞,用來代替或是避免重復上文提到的名詞。one只可替代可數名詞,其復數形式為ones. 第一句中的one代替road,第二句中的ones代替people。
例如:
  If the earthquake is a big one, a great part of the city will be destroyed. 如果那是個大地震的話,城市的大部分地區將要被毀掉。
  I would like a pound of apples, the red ones. 我要一英鎊蘋果,紅蘋果。
  He had no excuse for his being late, but he had to fine one. 他遲到找不著借口,但是他必須找一個。
  If you don't like these cups, I have other ones. 要是你不喜歡這些杯子,我還有別的。

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