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高一英語第二十四單元The Secret of Farming

    06-21 12:22:16    瀏覽次數: 620次    欄目:高一英語教案

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科目 英語
年級 高一
文件 high1 unit24.1.doc
標題 The Secret of Farming
章節 第二十四單元
關鍵詞
內容
一、教法建議

【 拋磚引玉 】

單元雙基學習目標

Ⅰ . 詞匯學習

be busy with , loaf , fork , farming , keep , knock out of , condition , point out , turn over , gardening , go against , year after year , agree to do sth . , now and then , give a talk , grain , experience , rough , wine , steel , flour , develop , plough

Ⅱ . 交際英語

談論天氣

1 . It\'s a beautiful day today .

2 . It\'s going to be dry and sunny for the next two days .

3 . What\'s the weather going to be like at the weekend ?

4 . They say it\'s going to be wet and windy .

Ⅲ . 語法學習

直接引語變成句間接引語的幾種句型

1 . 直接引語是陳述句

如果引用的句子原來是一個陳述句,變為間接引語時,在引語的開頭用連詞 that 來引導 ( 在口語中 that 常省去 ) ,要注意從句中人稱、時態、代詞、狀語等相應變化。如:

“You are really my best friend , ”Tom said to me . → Tom said that I was really his best friend .

“I will come here again tomorrow , ”he said . → He said he would go there again the nest day .

He said : “the best seed - heads should be hung up to dry . ”→ He said that the best seed-heads should be hung up to dry .

2 . 直接引語是疑問句

①如果引用的句子原來是一個一般疑問句,變成間接引語時,須用從屬連詞 if 或 whether 來引導 ( 不再用 that 作連詞 ) 。

②直接引語如果特殊疑問句,變成間接引語時,原疑問句中的疑問詞 who , whose , what , which , where , why , how 等就成了引導間接引語的連詞。

③原直接引語中的疑問語在間接引語中變為陳述語序。

④直接引語中的問號變成了句號。

⑤人稱、時態、狀語等也相應變化。如:

He asked , “Is it raining now ? ”他問,“現在在下雨嗎 ? ”→ He asked whether / if it was raining then . 他問當時是否在下雨。

The man asked me , “How old are you ? ”→ The man asked me how old I was .

They asked him , “When do you harvest the wheat ? ”→ They asked him when he harvested the wheat .

I asked the man , “Who are you ? ”→ I asked the man who he was .

The teacher asked her , “Why did you come ? ”→ The teacher wondered why she had come .

3 . 直接引語是祈使句

如果引用的句子原來是一個祈使句,變為間接引語時,須將祈使句的動詞原形變為動詞不定式。并在動詞不定式前用 tell ( 命令 ) ,ask ( 請求 ) , order ( 命令 ) 等及物動詞加賓語。如果祈使句為否定式,則在不定式前面加 not 。如:

He said to the girl , “Do it at once . ”→ He ordered the girl to do it at once .

“Be quiet ! ”I told the children . → I told the children to be quiet .

He said to farmers , “Do things at the right time of the year . ”→ He told farmers to do things at the right time of the year .

“Don\'t grow plants in the same place year after year . ”the farmer said . →The farmer told me not to grow plants in the same place year after year .

He said , “Don\'t talk ! ”→ He told us not to talk .

4 . 有些句子雖以疑問形式出現,但并非提出詢問,而是表示請求、建議、勸告等意思。這種問句通常也采取 ask , advise + 賓語 + 不定式結構來轉為間接引語。如:

“Could you lend me a bike ? ”he said . → He asked me to lend him my bike .

“Would you mind waiting a moment ? ” → He asked me to wait a moment .

“Why don\'t you go there by plane ? ” → He advised me to go there by plane .

What about having a walk ? → He suggested having a walk .

【 指點迷津 】

教材中的雙重介詞結構

先請看 SEFC IB Lesson 91 中的一句話:Today you can either fly to Abu Simbel or you can take a boat from across the lake . 今天你既可以乘飛機去阿布辛波古廟,

也可以從湖的對岸乘小船過去。

該句中“from across the lake”為“介詞 + 介詞短語”結構,這一結構是英語介詞用法中較為特殊的現象,其目的主要是為了使所表達的意思更確切、更全面。一般語法書對此很少涉及,但我們在學習中時常碰到,F將常見的“介詞 + 介詞短語”結構舉例說明如下。


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1 . from + 介詞短語。

“from + 介詞短語”是“介詞 + 介詞短語”結構中最常見的一個,其后可接的另一個介詞短語至少有十個以上。

The old man looked at me from above his glasses .

He said hello to me from across the room .

The little boy came out from behind the door .

They came from beyond the sea .

He heard the shouting from somewhere down the corridor .

Take the kettle from off the stove .

We heard voices from over the fence .

The snake crawled out from under the table .

2 . except + 介詞短語。

except 后常接介詞 at , by , from , in , on , to 等引導的短語。

I never saw Mr White except at parties .

You could never have lost your way , except by your own carelessness .

I take no orders , except from the king .

I can take my holidays at any time , except in August .

No admittance , except on business .

We went nowhere , except to school .

3 . till / until + 介詞短語。

till / until 后總是接介詞 after 引導的短語。

I stayed till after ten o\'clock .

It was not till after midnight that my visit came to an end .

二、學海導航

【 學法指要 】

單元重點詞匯點撥

1 . loaf 一個面包,一條面包

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