5分彩怎么买欢迎您的到來!

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當前位置:得優網教學文章免費教案英語教案高二英語教案No smoking, please!教學目標

No smoking, please!教學目標

    06-21 12:26:39    瀏覽次數: 398次    欄目:高二英語教案

標簽:人教版高二英語教案,高二英語教案下載,http://www.562527.site No smoking, please!教學目標,

教學目標

I. 單詞和詞組
permission, nation,reduce, fetch, compare, therefore, remain, dislik, share, persuade, hardly, go ahead, burn down, compared to, give up, call for, be used to, get into the habit of
II. 日常交際用語
1.請求
May / Could / Can I do that?
I wonder if I can do that.
Would / Do you mind if I come earlier?
Will you tell me if can go now?
2.允許
Yes, please. / Of course. / Sure. / Certainly.
Go ahead, please.
That’s all right. / OK.
It’s all right to me.
3.拒絕
I’m sorry, but it’s not allowed here.
You’d better not.
I’m afraid not. It’s not right.
III.語法
復習名詞性從句作賓語和表語的用法。


教學建議

教材分析
The main dialogue of this unit is to practise the students how to ask for permission, refuse and give permission ability. Though learning the way of expressing are able to remind the students speaking in daily life. This dialogue is the main idea to learn to use these phrase for permission. Though two men’s talking. Meanwhile this lesson offer some practice to help the students to understand and learn about the content of the dialogue. In order to master these phases, this lesson has short dialogue to give the students to speak each other.
重點詞匯講解
1.catch fire與be on fire
1)catch fire:begin to burn著火;燒著。catch fire有動態含義,揩“開始燃燒”。
例如:
Paper catches fire easily.紙容易著火。
The bed clothes catch fire and the whole house may be burnt down.鋪蓋著火了,整個房子都可能燒掉。
2)be on fire:be burning著火;失火。 be on fire有靜態含義,指“燃燒的狀態”。
例如:
  The house was on fire.房子著火了。
  She woke up at midnight and found the kitchen on fire.她半夜醒來發現廚房失火了。
2.die of與die from
1)die of可用來表示“死亡的原因”,經常用于害病、饑渴、年老、疾勞等致死的場合。
例如:
  die of an illness/a disease; die of hunger; die of thirst; die of a fever; die of old age等等。
2)die from常用于過度飲食eating too much;飲酒過度drinking too much;工作過度overwork等。
  但是有語法家認為這種區別實際上并不存在。他們認為,在表示死因(the cause of death)時,既可以用die of,也可以用die of,但是以die of為多見。
例如:
  He died of cancer.他死于癌癥。He died from cancer.他死于癌癥。
3.Every year, tobacco companies must persuade new people to start smoking cigarettes.煙草公司每年都要勸說一些不吸煙的人開始吸煙。
persuade sb. to do sth.意為“勸說某人做某事”。
I persuaded her to accept the invitation to Wu Dong's birthday party.我勸說她接受參加吳東生日晚會的邀請。
注意:如果勸說不一定成功,可用詞組try to persuade sb, to do sth.。
I tried to persuade her to go with me, but I failed.我勸她跟我一起去,但我沒成功。
另外,勸說某人不要做某事可用詞組persuade sb. not to do sth. 或 persuade sb. against doing sth.
We persuaded Lin Tao not to smoke. = We persuaded Lin Tao against smoking.我們說服了林濤別吸煙。
4. But in the same year, cigarette smoking cost the government even more money, about 28 billion yuan.但在同一年里,因吸煙而使政府付出了更多的錢,約280億元。
cost在這個句子中意為“使花費”,請注意由它構成的兩個常用詞組
a)(sth.)cost sb.+錢 (某物)花費某人多少錢
b)(sth,)cost sb.+其他 使某人失去……
That bike cost me 350 yuan.我花了350元買了那輛自行車。
His careless driving cost him a leg.他的粗心駕駛使他失去了一條腿。
以前學過的與“花費”有關的結構有:
a) sb. spend + 時間/錢+on + 名詞 某人花……做……
b) sb. spend + 時間/錢+ (in) doing sth. 某人花……做……
c)sb. pay + 錢+ for sth. 某人花錢買……
d) It take sb. + 時間/錢 + to do sth. 某人花時間/錢做
他每月花50元錢買書可譯為:
He spends 50 yuan on books every month.
He spends 50 yuan (in) buying books every month.
He pays 50 yuan for books every month.
It takes him 50 yuan to buy books every month.
小明每天花兩小時學英語可譯為:
Xiao Ming spends 2 hours on English every day.
Xiao Ming spends 2 hours (in) learning English every day.
It takes Xiao Ming 2 hours to learn English every day.
5.Do yon mind if I smoke ? 你介意我抽煙嗎?
1)Do/Would you mind if ...? 常用來表示“請求、許可”的意思。句中的mind作“介意”、“反對”解。注意:如果用Would you mind if . . . ?從句中就要用虛擬語氣。如:
  Do you mind if I close the window? 關上窗戶你介意嗎?
  Would you mind if I closed the window? 關上窗戶你介意嗎?
2)在回答這樣的句子時要特別注意:若在答語里表示“愿意(不反對)”,應說“Certainly not”或“Of course not”。若表示“不愿意(反對)”,應說“I'm sorry, but...”,習慣上不用yes來直接回答。
3)在 Do/Would you mind之后還可跟動詞-ing形式,在動詞-ing之前還可以有人稱代詞賓格或物主代詞,用來請求允許,或請求別人作某事。如:
Would you mind my turning off the TV?我關上電視你介意嗎?
語法---句詞性從句
一、名詞性從句——賓語從句
賓語從句通?煞譃槿悾
1)由連詞that引起的賓語從句
We know that it is not easy to give up smoking.我們知道戒煙不容易。
Suddenly he realized that he had made a mistake.突然他意識到他犯了一個錯誤。


No smoking, please!教學目標由www.562527.site收集及整理,轉載請說明出處www.562527.site
www.562527.site I hope that you will be well.我希望你很快就會好起來。
說明:上述句子中的連詞在口語和非正式場合均可省略。但是,下列句子中的連詞在任何情況下都不可省略。
2)由連接代詞或副詞引起的賓語從句
Do you know when the meeting will be held? 你知道這次會議什么時候舉行嗎?
Please tell me what mother has bought for me today.請告訴我,媽媽今天給我買了些什么。
They didn’t say how many guests would attend the party.他們沒有說會有多少客人來參加這次聚會。
I wonder whose bicycle this is. 我想知道這輛自行車是誰的。
3)由關系代詞what引導的賓語從句
I can’t remember what he said at the meeting.我記不起來他在會上講了些什么。
We thank you for what you have done for us.感謝您為我們所做的一切。
二、名詞性從句——表語從句
與賓語從句一樣,表語從句也可分為三類:
l)由連詞that引導的表語從句
The problem with tobacco is that it contains a drug called nicotine.煙草的問題在于它里面含有一種叫做尼古丁的麻醉劑。
The difficulty is that smokers can’t go without smoking.困難的事情是:煙民們不吸煙就感到難受。
2)由連接代詞或副詞引導的表語從句
That’s how he passed the physics examination.他就是這樣通過物理考試的。
That’s why we decide to sell our house.那就是我們決定把房子賣掉的原因。
3)由關系代詞 what引導的表語從句
That’s what we should do.這是我們應該做的。
This country is no longer what it used to be.這個國家已不再是過去的樣子了。




No smoking, please!教學目標由www.562527.site收集及整理,轉載請說明出處www.562527.site

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