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高二英語第二十三單元Telephones

    06-21 12:26:43    瀏覽次數: 253次    欄目:高二英語教案

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科目 英語
年級 高二
文件 high2 unit23.1.doc
標題 Telephones
章節 第二十三單元
關鍵詞 高二英語第二十三單元
內容
一、 教法建議
【 拋磚引玉 】
單元雙基學習目標
Ⅰ. 詞匯學習
get together, all the best , have a word with , in other words , excellent , chat , connect … with , hire , wind ( vt . ) , strengthen , frequently , recover , smart , distant , lately , interrupt , remind , lack , due , income , announce , bargain , sew , needle , thread , frequent , free of charge , dial , have … on conversation , handle ( n . ) , directory , telephone ,

Ⅱ. 交際英語

1. Hello . Can I speak to … , please? There is no … here .

2. I\'m sorry . I think I dialled the wrong number .

3. Hello . Is that … ? I called to ask/tell you …

4. Hold on . I\'ll go and get …

5. Please could I have a word with … ?

6. I\'ll have to ring off now . Someone wants to use the phone .

Ⅲ. 語法學習

進一步學習名詞性從句的用法。

作用相當于名詞的從句叫名詞性從句。名詞性從句包括主語從句、表語從句、賓語從句

和同位語從句。

1 . 主語從句:復合句中充當主語的從句叫主語從句。如:

That he is ready to help others is well - known .

( that 引導主語從句在從句中沒有含義,也不充當成分,但不宜省略。 )

Whether he will attend the meeting is not decided . ( 不用 if 引導主語從句。 )

其他的連接詞還有 who , what , which , when , where , how , why 等。如:

Which team will win the match is still unknown .

What we need is your help .

How he became a famous musician is known to all .

主語從句做主語,句子顯得不太平衡,因此常將它移到名子后面,前面用引導詞 it 來作形式主語。如:

It\'s a pity that she had made such a mistake .

2 . 表語從句:用作表語的從句叫表語從句。如:

That is why I didn\'t attend the meeting .

I didn\'t know it . That is because I didn\'t attend the meeting .

They are just what I\'m looking for .

其他連詞還有 that , whether , as if , who , which , when , where , how , why 等。

3 . 同位語從句:用作同位語的從句,叫同位語從句。

它一般跟在抽象名詞 ( 如 idea , news , fact , possibility 等的后面,用以說明名詞所表示的具體內容。引導同位語的詞有連詞 that , 連接副詞 how , when , where 等。如:

The idea that computers will recognize human voices surprises many people .

The possibility that the majority of the labour force will work at home

is often discussed .

注意同位語從句同定語從句的區別:

1 ) 同位語從句的連接詞 that 在從句中不充當成份,沒有實際含義,而定語從句的連接詞 that 在從句中常做主語或賓語。如:

The news that he told us just now is exciting . ( 定語從句 )

The news that our team won the game is exciting . ( 同位語從句 )

2 ) 同位語從句的連接詞 that 在從句中不能省略,而定語從句的連接詞 that 如果在從句中充當賓語,可以省略。如:

The news that he told us just now is exciting .

句中的 that 在從句中做 told 的直接賓語,所以可以省略。

3 ) 同位語從句常用連接詞 that , 連接副詞 when , where 等常用于 have no ( some ) idea 后。如:I have no idea when he will be back . ( 同位語從句 ) = I don\'t know when he\'ll be back .

I will never forget the day when I joined the army . ( 定語從句 )

【 指點迷津 】

very 誤用例析

1 . [ 誤 ]I\'m very afraid he\'s out .

[ 正 ]I\'m very much afraid he\'s out .

[ 析 ]very 不能修飾 afraid , asleep , awake , alone , alive 等表語形容詞,這類形容詞要用其他副詞修飾。如:be wide awake , be fast ( deep , sound ) asleep , be quite alone , be very much alive。

2 . [ 誤 ]The situation seems to be very improved .

[ 正 ]The situation seems to be very much ( much ) improved .

[ 析 ]在沒有形容詞化仍有動詞性的現在分詞和過去分詞之前不能用 very , 應用 very much 或 much。very 只能修飾 amusing , disappointing , exciting , interesting , moving , pleasing , satisfying , devoted , interested , learned , pleased , surprised , tired , worried 等形容詞化的分詞。


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3 . [ 誤 ]I\'m very tired that I can\'t walk a bit farther .

[ 正 ]I\'m so tired that I can\'t walk a bit farther .

[ 析 ]very 不能替代 so…that 和 too…to 中的 so 和 too 修飾其形容詞和副詞。so…that 與 too…to 屬于固定句型結構。

4 . [ 誤 ]It was very impossible for her to catch the 9 o\'clock train .

[ 正 ]It was quite impossible for her to catch the 9 o\'clock train .

[ 析 ]very 不能修飾 impossible , mistaken , different , right 和 wrong 等不可分等級的形容詞。修飾這些詞時,常用 quite。

5 . [ 誤 ]The book is very worth reading .

[ 正 ]The book is well worth reading .

[ 析 ]worth 是表語形容詞,表示“很值得……”時,常用 well 修飾而不用 very。

6 . [ 誤 ]He is very anxious to leave .

[ 正 ]He is too anxious to leave .

[ 析 ]句式“主語 + 系動詞 + ( only , , but ) too + adj . + to do sth . ”,意為“非; + 分……去干某事”,此時不用 very 代替 too。能用于這一句式的形容詞有 anxious , eager , ready , pleased , glad 等。

二、學海導航

【 學法指要 】

單元重點詞匯點撥

1 . hire 常用作動詞,意為“雇用 ( 某人 ) ( = employ ) ;租借 ( 東西 ) ( = rent ) ”。例如:

They hired five more hands for the rice harvest .

They hired a concert hall with accommodations for 300 people .

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