-------The Merchant of Venice
Step I. Oragainzing
Greetings and make a duty report.
Step II. Introduction:
Find out how much the students know about the writer William Shakespeare and ask some questions like this:
What do you know about Shakespeare? What is his nationality?
When was he born and when did he die?
Do you know the titles of any of his plays? Suggested answers:
1 The King Henry VI 亨利六世
2 The Comedy of Errors 錯中錯
3 The Taming of the Shrew 馴悍婦
4 Romeo and Juliet 羅密歐與朱麗葉
5 A Midsummer Night’s Dream 仲夏夜之夢
6 The Merchant of Venice 威尼斯商人
7 As You Like It 如愿
8 Twelfth Night(What You Will) 第十二夜
9 Hamlet 哈姆萊特 10 All’s Well ends Well 皆大歡喜
11 Measure for measure 惡有惡報 12 Othello 奧塞羅
13 King Lear 李爾王 14 Macbeth 麥克白
15 The Winter’s Tale 冬天的故事 16 The Tempest 暴風雨
Write the key words and phrases raised by the Ss during the discussion on the Bb.
Step III. Presentation
Ask questions about the picture, and get the students to tell you what they think is happening.
Step IV. Reading comprehension.
Ask students to read the introduction silently and find out the answers to followimg questions.
1.The text mainly talks about_______________.
A.Antonio’s charities(善行)and Shylock’s cruelty
B.Portia’s cleverness and Antonio’s charities
C.Shylock’s cruelty and Portia’s cleverness
D.The three colorful characters of Antonio, Portia and Shylock
2.Antonio did business with _______________.
A. people in Venice B. people in Italy
C. People in other countries D. people in the world
3.Antonio was a(n) ________________ person.
A. warm-hearted B. strong-willed
C. open-minded D. hot-tempered
4.What kind of person was Shylock? He was ___________.
A. greedy and hypocritical B. hypocritical(虛偽) and cruel
C. cruel and lazy D. greedy and cruel
5.What did the Duke mean by saying “Don’t be so bitter”?
He wanted Shylock to be _________________.
A. warm-hearted B. calm
C. kind-hearted D. reasonable
6.In writing style, this text is a _____________.
A. drama B. story C. fable D. fairy tale
7.The word “scold” in the text means to ______________.
A. fool with B. laugh at C. criticize D. quarrel with
8.It seems that the Duke at the court supported ___________.
A. Portia B. Antonio C. Shylock D. none of them
9.That Portia was able to defend Antonio was due to _________.
A. her cleverness B. her husband’s support
C. her husband’s help
D. her cleverness and her husband’s support
10.Which happened last in Part 2?
A.Shylock insisted on having one pound of Antonio’s flesh.
B.Portia declared that the law allowed Shylock to take Antonio’s flesh.
C.Antonio said his last words to Bassanio.
D.Portia warned Bassanio of the impossibility of changing the law.
Allow the students enough time to read the play and find the answers. Get them to check their answers in pairs, then check the answers with the class.
Answers:1C .2. C 3. A 4.D 5.C 6.A 7.C 8.B 9.A 10.B
Have mercy on Antonio,Shylock.Do not be so bitter.(Line1 of page62)
One half of his money and his goods shall be given to the city of Venice and the othe r half shall be given to the peson he hs tried to kill.His life shall be at he mercy of the Duke.Therefore, go down on you knees and beg the duke for mercy.(page64)
例如: bitter pills 苦藥片； bitter memories辛酸的記憶； bitter winter嚴寒的冬天；
Let us be calm,gentlemen. Shylck, how can you hope for mercy yourself when you show none?
I havedone nothing wrong and I fear no judg3ment. I desire my pound of flesh.
desire可以用作名詞,也可以當及物動詞用, 作及物動詞時,它后面可以接名詞、不定式、從句等等。例如: Of course, they all desire happiness and health. 當然他們都渴望幸福與健康。
We desire to see the result. 我們希望看到結果。
I desire that you should come on time. 我希望你準時到。
3.seat: page62, part2,Line 1
D:Greetings, learned judge! I do not envy you your job. This is a most troublesome case.
P:Greetings! Please be seated. Are you Antonio, and is this your agreenent with Shylock?
[說明] seat是及物動詞,主語是地點或地方,人作賓語,因此人作主語時,常用 be seated結構; seat還可以作名詞用,意思是 “座位”;要分清seat與 sit, 后者是不及物動詞,人作主語,地點作狀語。
例如:Please be seated. 請坐。
He sat there, looking very calm. 他坐在那兒,看起來很平靜。
P:Mercy brings good. Mercy falls like the gentle rain from the shy upon the earth.It blesses those who give it,and those who receive it.We should learn toshow mercy to others.Do you still sdk for this pound of flesh?
take my life too! My money andgoods are as dear to me as life itself.They are my only comfort.When you take those away from me, you also take my life.
例如: The sudden thought greatly comforted her. 這個突然的想法,極大地安慰了她。
She lives there in comfort. 她舒適地生活在那里。
1.They were so excited that they had ____ to sleep.
A. much desire B. little desire
C. many thoughts D. few moments
2. As he opened the door, he saw ____ young a boy ____ in a wheelchair some 20 feet away.
A. so, seat B. so, seated
C. such, sitting D. such, sat